Pope John Paul II, the third-longest serving pope, handed away on at the present time in historical past, April 2, 2005, on the age of 84.
The pope had been in quickly declining well being in the previous few days of his life — and made his final public look on March 30, 2005.
Throughout that temporary look, John Paul II appeared at a window and blessed a crowd of pilgrims assembled at St. Peter’s Sq.. He tried to talk, however was unable to get out phrases.
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About six hours earlier than his demise at 9:37 p.m., Pope John Paul II mentioned, in Polish, “Let me go to the home of the Father,” earlier than slipping right into a coma, the Vatican mentioned in a report issued in September 2005.
The Holy See Press Workplace introduced the pope’s demise.
“The Holy Father died this night at 9:37 p.m. (2:37 p.m. EST) in his non-public condo. All of the procedures outlined within the apostolic Structure `Universi Dominici Gregis’ that was written by John Paul II on Feb. 22, 1996, have been put in movement,” mentioned the announcement.
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About 90 minutes earlier than his demise, Archbishop Stanislaw Dziwisz of Kraków celebrated Mass for Divine Mercy Sunday in Pope John Paul II’s bed room, mentioned Joaquín Navarro-Valls, the then-director of the Holy See Press Workplace.
Throughout Mass, Pope John Paul II obtained each the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick and Viaticum, mentioned Navarro-Valls.
Viaticum is a time period given to the Eucharist when it’s given to somebody who’s in extreme hazard of demise. The time period comes from a Latin phrase which means “touring provisions.”
On this case, the Eucharist could be the sustenance to help somebody spiritually with their journey from life to demise, the web site Catholic Tradition notes.
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Pope John Paul II’s funeral Mass was celebrated on April 8, and he was buried at St. Peter’s Basilica.
Born as Karol Józef Wojtyła in Wadowice, Poland, on Could 18, 1920, the long run pope was the youngest of Karol Wojtyła and Emilia Kaczorowska’s three kids, his official biography on the Vatican web site says.
As a toddler and younger grownup, John Paul II was closely concerned in theater, even serving to to prepare a clandestine theater group, mentioned the Vatican.
John Paul II’s formative years was marked by tragedy. His mom died in 1929, when he was simply eight years outdated, and his brother Edmund died in 1932 at age 26 after contracting scarlet fever whereas working as a health care provider.
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His father, the senior Karol, died instantly in 1941.
The immense losses weighed closely on the younger John Paul II.
“At 20 I had already misplaced all of the individuals I beloved, and even these I might need beloved, like my older sister who, they mentioned, died six years earlier than I used to be born,” Pope John Paul II instructed the author Andre Frossard in 1984.
It was his father’s demise that sparked John Paul II to assume significantly in regards to the priesthood, in keeping with reviews.
His plans, nevertheless, had been impacted by the Nazi’s occupation of Poland throughout World Struggle II, mentioned the Vatican web site.
In 1942, whereas Poland was occupied by the Nazis, John Paul II started finding out for the priesthood at a secret underground seminary in Kraków.
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After the struggle ended, he continued his research in a extra typical method on the now-legally reopened main seminary of the Archdiocese of Kraków, in addition to on the college of theology on the Jagellonian College, notes his biography.
He was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Kraków on Nov. 1, 1946, and subsequently started doctoral research in Rome.
On July 4, 1958, Pope Pius XII appointed the then-Fr. Wojtyła (he would later turn into Pope John Paul II) as auxiliary bishop of Kraków.
Rather less than six years later, on Jan. 13, 1964, Pope Paul VI appointed Bishop Wojtyła as the brand new archbishop of Krakow.
Archbishop Wojtyła was elevated to the School of Cardinals, turning into Cardinal Wojtyła, on June 26, 1967.
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In 1978, Cardinal Wojtyła participated in his first conclave, or papal election, which resulted within the election of Cardinal Albino Luciani as Pope John Paul I.
Simply 33 days later, John Paul I died — necessitating one other conclave. This time, the School of Cardinals elected Wojtyła as the brand new pope on Oct. 16, 1978, the third day of conclave, mentioned his biography.
He was the primary non-Italian to be elected pope in 455 years.
To honor his predecessor, he took the papal title “John Paul II.”
As pope, John Paul II made 104 worldwide apostolic journeys, in addition to 146 pastoral visits in Italy, mentioned his biography.
He authored 14 encyclicals, 15 apostolic exhortations, 11 apostolic constitutions, 45 apostolic letters and 5 books.
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He survived an assassination try on Could 13, 1981, when a Turkish gunman shot and severely wounded the pontiff in St. Peter’s Sq..
John Paul II credited the Virgin Mary for saving his life, as he was shot on the Feast of Our Girl of Fatima.
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Moreover, he “celebrated 147 beatifications, throughout which he proclaimed 1,338 blessed and 51 canonizations, for a complete of 482 saints,” mentioned the Vatican web site.
A type of saints was St. Faustina Kowalska, a Polish mystic who claimed to have visions of Jesus Christ in the course of the 1930s.
Throughout these visions, Christ supposedly referred to himself because the “King of Divine Mercy.”
Christ additionally reportedly gave Kowalska directions for the Divine Mercy Chaplet, and requested that the primary Sunday after Easter be devoted to mercy, says the web site Catholic On-line.
John Paul II was dedicated to the visions and message of his fellow Pole. When he canonized St. Faustina on April 30, 2000, he declared that the Sunday after Easter annually could be referred to as the “Divine Mercy Sunday.”
At John Paul II’s funeral, cries of “Santo subito,” or “Sainthood now!” had been heard all through the gang of mourners.
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The customary five-year ready interval was waived, and Pope Benedict XVI introduced that John Paul II’s trigger for canonization was formally opened on Could 13, 2005 — the anniversary of his assassination try.
John Paul II was beatified on Could 1, 2011, by his successor, Pope Benedict XVI.
He was then canonized, or formally declared a saint within the Catholic Church, by Pope Francis, alongside together with his predecessor Pope John XIII, on April 27, 2014 – Divine Mercy Sunday.
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