Maersk spends $1.four billion on ships that may run on ‘carbon impartial’ methanol
Chris Ratcliffe | Bloomberg | Getty Photographs
Danish agency Maersk mentioned Tuesday it’s ordering eight giant, ocean-going vessels capable of run on what it known as “carbon impartial methanol.”
The world’s largest container delivery agency mentioned the vessels can be constructed by South Korea’s Hyundai Heavy Industries and have the capability to hold round 16,000 containers. In response to quite a lot of studies, every ship will price $175 million, making the whole price $1.four billion.
In a video message, Morten Bo Christiansen, Maersk’s head of decarbonization, mentioned the vessels would “hit the waters from early 2024.” He added: “As soon as they’re all on the market crusing on inexperienced methanol, they may save 1,000,000 tons of CO2 yearly.”
Maersk mentioned the ships would have a twin gas engine arrange, a function which will increase prices. “Further capital expenditure … for the twin gas functionality, which allows operation on methanol in addition to typical low Sulphur gas, will likely be within the vary of 10-15% of the whole value,” it mentioned. Its settlement with Hyundai Heavy Industries has an choice for 4 further vessels in 2025.
Whereas the Danish delivery big mentioned it could run the vessels “on carbon impartial e-methanol or sustainable bio-methanol as quickly as attainable” it additionally acknowledged there have been points to beat.
“Sourcing an sufficient quantity of carbon impartial methanol from day one in service will likely be difficult, because it requires a big manufacturing ramp up of correct carbon impartial methanol manufacturing,” Maersk mentioned.
In easy phrases, “carbon impartial” means CO2 emissions are offset by an equal quantity of CO2 elimination. If one thing is carbon destructive, it means extra CO2 is faraway from the environment than emitted.
Tuesday’s announcement comes a couple of days after Maersk mentioned it had secured a provide of “inexperienced” e-methanol for what it described as “the world’s first container vessel working on carbon impartial gas.”
It mentioned Denmark’s European Vitality and its subsidiary, REintegrate, would arrange a facility to supply carbon impartial e-methanol to be used in a vessel designed to function on it. The plant would then produce roughly 10,000 metric tons of e-methanol utilized by Maersk’s ship yearly.
The e-methanol will likely be made utilizing renewable power and biogenic carbon dioxide, with manufacturing of the gas for Maersk slated to start in 2023. The US Environmental Safety Company describes biogenic emission sources as “emissions that come from pure sources.”
The environmental footprint of delivery is important. In response to the Worldwide Vitality Company, in 2019 worldwide delivery — a vital cog on the earth’s financial system — was chargeable for roughly 2% of “world energy-related CO2 emissions.”
With main economies world wide trying to chop emissions so as to meet net-zero targets, the delivery sector might want to discover new methods of decreasing the environmental footprint of its operations.
In April, Brussels-headquartered marketing campaign group Transport & Setting revealed a wide-ranging report on decarbonizing delivery. Amongst different issues, it burdened the significance of sustainable fuels going ahead.
“To attain full decarbonisation of the delivery sector requires a brand new supply of sustainable and renewable gas,” its analysis mentioned.
“Fuels produced by further renewable electrical energy (e-fuels or electrofuels) are the one scalable resolution that matches the necessities of power dense, deployable, and clear fuels,” it added.