Maersk spends $1.four billion on ships that may run on ‘carbon impartial’ methanol
Chris Ratcliffe | Bloomberg | Getty Photos
Danish agency Maersk mentioned Tuesday it’s ordering eight massive, ocean-going vessels in a position to run on what it known as “carbon impartial methanol.”
The world’s largest container transport agency mentioned the vessels can be constructed by South Korea’s Hyundai Heavy Industries and have the capability to hold round 16,000 containers. In accordance with quite a lot of studies, every ship will price $175 million, making the full price $1.four billion.
In a video message, Morten Bo Christiansen, Maersk’s head of decarbonization, mentioned the vessels would “hit the waters from early 2024.” He added: “As soon as they’re all on the market crusing on inexperienced methanol, they are going to save one million tons of CO2 yearly.”
Maersk mentioned the ships would have a twin gas engine arrange, a function which will increase prices. “Extra capital expenditure … for the twin gas functionality, which permits operation on methanol in addition to standard low Sulphur gas, will probably be within the vary of 10-15% of the full value,” it mentioned. Its settlement with Hyundai Heavy Industries has an choice for 4 additional vessels in 2025.
Whereas the Danish transport big mentioned it will run the vessels “on carbon impartial e-methanol or sustainable bio-methanol as quickly as doable” it additionally acknowledged there have been points to beat.
“Sourcing an sufficient quantity of carbon impartial methanol from day one in service will probably be difficult, because it requires a major manufacturing ramp up of correct carbon impartial methanol manufacturing,” Maersk mentioned.
In easy phrases, “carbon impartial” means CO2 emissions are offset by an equal quantity of CO2 removing. If one thing is carbon detrimental, it means extra CO2 is faraway from the environment than emitted.
Tuesday’s announcement comes a couple of days after Maersk mentioned it had secured a provide of “inexperienced” e-methanol for what it described as “the world’s first container vessel working on carbon impartial gas.”
It mentioned Denmark’s European Vitality and its subsidiary, REintegrate, would arrange a facility to supply carbon impartial e-methanol to be used in a vessel designed to function on it. The plant would then produce roughly 10,000 metric tons of e-methanol utilized by Maersk’s ship yearly.
The e-methanol will probably be made utilizing renewable vitality and biogenic carbon dioxide, with manufacturing of the gas for Maersk slated to start in 2023. America Environmental Safety Company describes biogenic emission sources as “emissions that come from pure sources.”
The environmental footprint of transport is critical. In accordance with the Worldwide Vitality Company, in 2019 worldwide transport — an important cog on this planet’s economic system — was answerable for roughly 2% of “international energy-related CO2 emissions.”
With main economies around the globe making an attempt to chop emissions with the intention to meet net-zero targets, the transport sector might want to discover new methods of decreasing the environmental footprint of its operations.
In April, Brussels-headquartered marketing campaign group Transport & Setting revealed a wide-ranging report on decarbonizing transport. Amongst different issues, it burdened the significance of sustainable fuels going ahead.
“To attain full decarbonisation of the transport sector requires a brand new supply of sustainable and renewable gas,” its analysis mentioned.
“Fuels produced by extra renewable electrical energy (e-fuels or electrofuels) are the one scalable resolution that matches the necessities of vitality dense, deployable, and clear fuels,” it added.