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Supreme Court: No Constitutional Bar To ‘Quota Within Quota’

New Delhi: The Supreme Court docket on Thursday mentioned the fruits of reservation haven’t successfully reached the bottom strata of society and numerous castes largely stay unequal and the place they have been, which provides rise to the important query of how to make sure the advantages trickle all the way down to the underside rung.

A five-judge bench, headed by Justice Arun Mishra and comprising Justices Indira Banerjee, Vineet Saran, M.R. Shah and Aniruddha Bose, requested if such castes are destined to hold their backwardness until eternity.

The question was posed by the highest court docket, whereas disagreeing with its 2004 Structure Bench judgement, which dominated towards giving preferential remedy to sure sub-castes inside Scheduled Castes, and holding that this verdict must be revisited.

“There isn’t any constitutional bar to take additional affirmative motion as taken by the state authorities within the instances to attain the objective. By allotting a selected proportion out of reserved seats and to offer preferential remedy to a specific class, can’t be mentioned to be violative of the checklist below Articles 341, 342, and 342A as no enlisted caste is denied the good thing about reservation.

“When the reservation creates inequalities inside the reserved castes itself, it’s required to be taken care of by the state making sub-classifications and adopting a distributive justice methodology in order that state largesse doesn’t focus in few palms and equal justice to all is offered,” it mentioned.

Emphasising on sub-classification, the highest court docket mentioned that it “is to achieve the very purpose, as envisaged in the original classification itself and based thereupon evolved the very concept of reservation. Whether the sub-classification would be a further extension of the principle of said dynamics is the question to be considered authoritatively by the court.”

The bench noticed that reservation could also be made for the sub-castes inside Scheduled Castes, and such classification wouldn’t result in interfering with the Presidential Order below Article 341. “The Scheduled Castes, as per the Presidential List, are not frozen for all the time, and neither they are a homogenous group as evident from the vast anthropological and statistical data collected by various Commissions,” it held.

It held famous as soon as the state has energy to present reservation, then it may go forward with sub-classification, to increase the advantages of reservation to these sub-castes, which haven’t availed these advantages.

The court docket mentioned it’s important to rethink the 2004 verdict within the E.V. Chinnaiah case because it appears it was not accurately determined and this matter must be positioned earlier than Chief Justice S.A. Bobde for applicable course.

The 2004 verdict within the E.V. Chinnaiah’s case was additionally determined by a five-judge bench. Because of this, the matter would now should go to a bigger bench. This can be positioned earlier than the Chief Justice to refer it to a bench of seven judges or extra.

The present case got here up earlier than the apex court docket after the Punjab and Haryana Excessive Court docket in 2010 struck down a state legislation, which empowered the federal government to sub-classify SC/STs for grant of quotas.

The state authorities appealed the decision, which had struck down Part 4 (5) of the Punjab Scheduled Caste and Backward Lessons (Reservation in Companies) Act, 2006 and termed it unconstitutional. This Act gave first choice to Mazbhi Sikhs and Balmikis castes for SC quota in public companies.


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