New Delhi: India has acquired the much-awaited 5 lakh fast COVID-19 testing kits from China and these usually are not meant for early analysis of the illness quite for monitoring whether or not coronavirus hotspots in India are rising or exhibiting a declining development, the federal government mentioned on Thursday.
Addressing a day by day briefing on COVID-19 scenario within the nation, chief of Epidemiology and Communicable Illnesses at ICMR Dr. Raman R Gangakhedkar mentioned the serologic fast testing kits have been supplied by two Chinese language corporations.
“These kits will probably be used to test antibodies that the physique of an individual prepares as a weapon to combat a virus. There are several types of antibodies, one in all which is immunoglobulin M (IgM) that doesn’t keep for various days and the recognizing of IgM antibody means the an infection is latest, he mentioned.
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Whereas, the detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody signifies that our immune system is bettering. If solely IgG and no IgM antibody is detected, it’s assumed to be an outdated an infection, Dr. Gangakhedkar defined.
He mentioned the fast antibody check kits procured usually are not meant for early analysis, however “just for surveillance and development checking”.
The 5 lakh kits embody two varieties — these that may verify the presence of IgG in addition to IgM.
“The tests can be done periodically to see the trend. If we do an antibody test say after around two weeks, these will appear in only 80 percent of the people. That is why these tests are not used for early diagnosis but are for surveillance,” the ICMR official mentioned.
Until date, RT-PCR is the final word check for the detection of novel coronavirus, he asserted.
About stories suggesting that such kits are defective, Dr. Gangakhedkar acknowledged that the sensitivity and specificity of those are much less.
“Since rapid antibody tests are for monitoring and surveillance, there is no concern with respect to the testing kits being faulty. That concern was with respect to immune response alone,” he defined.
He additional mentioned that 2,90,401 samples have been examined thus far, of which 30,043 had been examined on Wednesday itself.
Out of the exams carried out on Wednesday, 26,331 had been achieved in laboratories underneath the Indian Council of Medical Analysis (ICMR) community and three,712 in non-public labs, he added.
Commenting on the testing capability of the ICMR community, the official mentioned, “Working in one shift, more than 42,400 samples can be tested each day. If we work in two shifts, we will be able to test more than 78,200 samples daily.”
Dr Gangakhedkar additional talked about using doing pooled testing which, he mentioned, will cut back value and yield the identical consequence. This may be achieved in areas the place positivity fee is low, he added.
In keeping with the well being ministry, the loss of life toll as a result of novel coronavirus rose to 420 with 28 fatalities reported since Wednesday night, whereas the variety of circumstances noticed a leap of 826 to go as much as 12,759 circumstances on Thursday.
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On Thursday afternoon, Joint Secretary within the Well being Ministry Lav Agarwal mentioned, “If our case fatality rate is 3.3 percent then the percentage of people who have recovered so far is around 12.02 percent.”
He additionally mentioned that 325 districts in India haven’t reported any coronavirus case thus far due to actions initiated at area degree.
Additionally, the implementation of containment methods in some districts which earlier had reported COVID-19 circumstances, have yielded constructive outcomes. Considered one of such place is Puducherry’s Mahe district the place no case of the an infection has been reported within the final 28 days. There are 27 different districts additionally the place no constructive case has been reported in a fortnight, he mentioned.
These 27 districts embody Panipat and Rohtak in Haryana, Patna in Bihar, Nadia in West Bengal, and Wayanad and Kottayam in Kerala.
Replying to a question on whether or not the summer time warmth will hinder the unfold of novel coronavirus, Dr Gangakhedkar mentioned there isn’t any scientific proof in the intervening time to show it.
About Congress chief Rahul Gandhi’s allegation that India was not conducting sufficient coronavirus exams, the ICMR mentioned, “India tests 24 people for one positive case, while Japan tests 11.7, Italy 6.7 and US tests 5.3. So, one cannot say that India is testing less.”
On the press briefing, it was additionally knowledgeable that greater than 16 lakh free meals have been served by the Indian Railways. 5 thousand beds in 17 devoted Railway hospitals and hospital blocks have been recognized and greater than 5,000 isolation coaches readied, whereas over eight lakh wagons have carried provides all through the nation.
Antibodies are normally developed in a physique round 14 days after an an infection.
Agarwal additionally mentioned requested states to renew ante-natal check-ups and routine immunisation actions.