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Listed here are the states voting on marijuana legalization on Election Day

A leisure marijuana smoker indulges in smoking weed on April 14, 2020 within the Bushwick part of the Brooklyn borough of New York Metropolis.

Bruce Bennett | Getty Pictures

Voters in a handful of states — together with 4 that historically favor Republicans — are set to resolve Tuesday whether or not to legalize leisure marijuana, paving the way in which for its sale and cultivation in newly regulated markets throughout the nation.

Arkansas, Maryland, Missouri, North Dakota and South Dakota might be part of 19 different states and the District of Columbia, which have already legalized leisure marijuana. The votes come a few month after President Joe Biden urged state and native officers to pardon these convicted on state and native costs of easy marijuana possession, following his lead in pardoning these convicted on such federal costs.


In 2016, Arkansas grew to become the primary state within the Deep South to approve medical hashish. Now it might develop into the primary state within the area to legalize leisure use if voters approve Challenge 4, which might create a regulated, adult-use market.

The measure would enable adults to buy as much as an oz. of hashish from licensed retailers and implement a 10% gross sales tax. These funds would go towards regulation enforcement, operations on the College of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and drug courtroom applications approved by the Arkansas Drug Courtroom Act, in response to the College of Arkansas Division of Agriculture.

It additionally permits for 20 nonmedical marijuana cultivation licenses and as much as 120 nonmedical dispensary licenses, nevertheless it lacks provisions to expunge prison data for marijuana convictions and for rising crops at dwelling.

Challenge 4, sponsored by Accountable Development Arkansas, has acquired pushback from opposition teams, together with Republican Gov. Asa Hutchinson, who has spoken out towards Biden’s federal pardons.

“We’ve to ensure we do not transfer to decriminalization of medication which might be harming People. The truth that a drug is illegal discourages utilization,” Hutchinson stated.

Sarah Huckabee Sanders, former President Donald Trump’s former press secretary and frontrunner to be Arkansas’ subsequent governor, additionally opposes the modification.

A ballot by Speak Enterprise & Politics and Hendrix School reveals 50.5% assist legalization and 43% oppose it, with the remaining undecided.


If Maryland’s Query Four passes, it’ll be part of neighbors Washington, D.C., and Virginia in legalizing marijuana for leisure use.

The proposed modification would enable adults to own as much as 1.5 ounces, or two marijuana crops, starting July 1, 2023. It additionally permits for expungement of data of individuals arrested for marijuana possession, and for folks serving time for easy possession to have their sentences reconsidered. It will additionally set up a hashish enterprise help fund for small companies, in addition to minority- and women-owned companies coming into the adult-use hashish trade, amongst different provisions.

A Washington Put up-College of Maryland ballot discovered 73% of voters favor legalizing the usage of hashish for folks 21 and older.

Maryland legalized medicinal marijuana in 2013, and a yr later, decriminalized possession of 10 grams or much less of hashish.

If handed, Query Four would go into impact on July 1, 2023.


Missouri’s Modification three would enable adults within the state to buy and possess as much as three ounces of marijuana and develop as much as six flowering crops at dwelling.

A 6% gross sales tax on leisure marijuana would go towards facilitating automated expungements for folks with sure nonviolent marijuana offenses on their data, veterans’ well being care, substance misuse remedy and the state’s public defender system.

Modification three additionally provides a minimum of 144 new small companies to the prevailing companies licensed and licensed for medical marijuana within the state, in response to Authorized Missouri 2022, the advocacy group that sponsored the measure. New license holders shall be chosen by lottery.

Republican Gov. Mike Parson opposes the measure, calling it a “catastrophe,” in response to the St. Louis Put up-Dispatch.

A ballot by Emerson School Polling and The Hill confirmed 48% assist for the modification amongst possible voters.

North Dakota

Marijuana legalization didn’t cross in North Dakota when it appeared on ballots in 2018, shedding by a margin of 41% to 59%.

This election, New Strategy North Dakota received a revised proposal again on the poll. Measure 2 would enable for the possession of as much as an oz. of marijuana, grant permits to 18 retailers and 7 cultivation services, impose a 5% hashish excise tax, and permit people three hashish crops for at-home rising.

“The 2018 initiative was not written with adequate safeguards,” stated Jared Moffat, the marketing campaign director for New Strategy North Dakota and a marketing campaign supervisor for the Marijuana Coverage Challenge. He stated the 2018 proposal lacked pointers for driving below the affect and worker drug testing insurance policies. 

“We’ve heard from many North Dakotans who voted towards the 2018 poll measure who’re supportive of Measure 2 this yr,” he stated.

New Strategy North Dakota has raised over half one million {dollars}, most of which went to signature drives to get the proposal on the poll, in response to Moffat. It is also been distributing yard indicators, texting voters and working radio advertisements.

South Dakota

South Dakota is the one state among the many 5 the place its proposal for authorized weed does not embody making a regulated market. As an alternative, voters will contemplate possession and residential cultivation.

In 2020, voters authorised a constitutional modification to legalize hashish, however the state supreme courtroom nullified the outcomes on technical grounds, a transfer championed by Republican Gov. Kristi Noem.

The brand new proposal, Measure 27, would restrict possession to 1 ounce of marijuana. People would have the ability to come clean with three crops at dwelling, so long as they dwell in a jurisdiction the place there’s not a licensed marijuana retail retailer.

In line with, there are some variations between 2020’s model and Measure 27. In 2020, the proposal coated licensing, taxation, native authorities laws of marijuana and laws concerning hemp. Measure 27 stays clear of those areas.

Fifty-one p.c of voters plan to vote no on Measure 27, whereas 40% plan to vote sure, in response to Emerson School Polling.

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