Commentary: Australia’s new visa programme spooks Malaysia
Whether or not international locations like Malaysia profit or lose out from labour migration to superior economies will depend on the institutional preparations governing labour mobility.
Work-related migration from ASEAN international locations to Australia is just not a brand new phenomenon. However previously, many migrant employees – particularly from Malaysia – lived within the nation illegally, making them susceptible to exploitation and abuse by employers.
Australia’s new programme will make sure that international nationals have full labour rights and entry to social safety provisions.
Malaysian MP William Leong subsequently warned that the federal government’s opposition to the scheme would depart Malaysians working in slave-like circumstances in Australia.
FROM BRAIN DRAIN TO BRAIN GAIN?
For ASEAN supply international locations, the Australian programme will even improve the potential for mind acquire, offered that it accommodates the suitable mechanisms to make sure reverse migration.
Constructing a essential mass of Malaysian farmers with abroad expertise and technological know-how in areas equivalent to precision agriculture might be essential to ongoing efforts to spice up productiveness within the nation’s farm sector.
The Malaysian authorities’s latest flip-flop on migration management coverage additionally highlights a deeper structural problem: The dearth of a political consensus relating to the nation’s personal giant inhabitants of migrant employees.
Malaysia is a significant vacation spot for migrants in Southeast Asia, and thousands and thousands of undocumented international employees are allegedly within the nation.
But, quickly after declaring its opposition to the Australian visa scheme, the federal government introduced that hundreds of low-skilled employees from Indonesia and Bangladesh would quickly arrive in Malaysia to take up plantation jobs.
Senior officers justified the choice on the grounds that Malaysians are unwilling to enter the sector due to its unfavourable working circumstances.
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